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Comparing Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis: What you need to know.

Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are two common forms of arthritis that can cause pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the joints. While they share some similarities, there are also some important differences between the two conditions.



Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is a type of arthritis that is caused by the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the joints. This can lead to pain, stiffness, and swelling in the affected joints. Osteoarthritis is more common in older adults and is often seen in the hands, hips, and knees.


Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when the body's immune system attacks the joints, leading to inflammation and damage. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect people of any age and can affect many different joints throughout the body.

Both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can be managed with a combination of medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes. A general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who can diagnose and treat arthritis. They may recommend medications to help manage pain and inflammation, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).


A physiotherapist is a healthcare professional who specializes in physical therapy. They can help people with arthritis to improve their mobility, flexibility, and strength. This can help to relieve pain and improve overall function. A physiotherapist may recommend exercises and stretches to help maintain or improve joint range of motion, as well as techniques to improve posture and reduce stress on the joints.


In the case of osteoarthritis, a GP may also recommend lifestyle changes to help manage the condition. This can include losing weight, if necessary, to reduce stress on the joints, as well as avoiding activities that put excessive strain on the joints. A physiotherapist can help to develop an exercise plan that is suitable for the individual's needs and abilities.


For rheumatoid arthritis, treatment is typically more complex and may involve a combination of medications and physiotherapy. A GP may prescribe DMARDs to help slow the progression of the disease and prevent joint damage. These drugs work by suppressing the immune system, which can help to reduce inflammation. A physiotherapist can help to develop a physical therapy plan that is tailored to the individual's needs and can help to improve mobility, flexibility, and strength.


In both cases, it is important for people with arthritis to work closely with their healthcare team to develop a treatment plan that is right for them. This may involve regular visits to a GP and physiotherapist, as well as following a healthy lifestyle and taking medications as prescribed. If you require any assistance in the management of your arthritis please don't hesitate to contact Innohealth Clinics for help.


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